Medical devices are the boon of modern technology. They are essentially used for the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of illness and disease with the help of precise clinical data and physiological processes. According to the World Health Organization, a medical device is any instrument, apparatus, implement, or machine that is used for the benefit of human beings by its medical purposes.
Manufacturers require to gain approval from relevant regulatory bodies to manufacture and market medical devices. Sometimes it is quite hard to distinguish between medicine and medical devices. The regulatory body decides the status of the product; they test them thoroughly and check them for any malfunctions. Until a product receives its status, it is known as a borderline product.
In different countries, the regulatory authorities overseeing the marketing of medical devices classify them depending on the level of risk to the patient and its effectiveness. There are mainly three classes of medical devices-
- Class I medical devices: This category consists of low-risk devices such as enema kits, hand-held surgical instruments, syringes, bandages and plasters, and non-electric wheelchairs
- Class II medical devices: This category of medical devices consists of intermediate-risk devices such as electric wheelchairs, pregnancy testing kits, infusion pumps, and surgical gloves.
- Class III medical devices: This category includes high-risk devices that are vital to health and sustaining life. Almost 10% of the medical devices regulated by the FDA are considered as class III devices such as automated external defibrillators, implantable pacemakers, dental lasers. They are also quite expensive than class I and class II devices.
Types of medical device jobs
To accommodate the broad field of medical devices and their expanding market, medical device jobs are split into different sub-categories. These categories are-
- Quality Control QC
- Quality Assurance QA
- Research and development design R&D
- Field engineering
- Sales and reports
One of the biggest and rapidly growing sectors in this industry is the medical device sales representative. A medical device sales representative is expected to sell their company’s devices to a wide range of customers and clients, including hospital doctors, general physicians, pharmacists, and nurses. Sales representatives are responsible for arranging appointments, delivering presentations of the devices, organizing conferences of doctors to manage the budget of the devices, and keeping an eye on competitors’ sales and activities.
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